Alstroemeria ferrea is a common type of ornamental grass that grows well in Mediterranean areas. It is one of the few grasses that do not require mowing because its very high growth rate makes it resistant to this habit. This means you can leave them without interference even if you have large lawn areas. They do well in most kinds of soils and conditions, but they are vulnerable to some kinds of diseases that are common in other types of grasses.
Flowering Style The flowering style of alstroemeria varies according to the place of their origin. Both types used to be grown primarily in southern parts of the continent, in dry and warm climates. But they are now grown in almost all states of the USA as well as in south America. Their hybridization has allowed them to adapt to the different climate and soil conditions of north. However, common types and descriptions differ in requirements and want though their production is similar.
Hybrid Types and Symptoms Both common and hybrid types have dark green leaves and flower buds which grow up to three inches long. They have tall, narrow stems with an unequal base. In order to produce the beautiful, hardy flowers, the plant needs to be kept under control with regular fertilization, shade and occasional watering.
Plant Propagation You can plant your alstroemeria in your garden in the spring, as it starts to blooms in the spring or if you have some space on your land to grow it. If you choose a sunny spot with good growing conditions, you should be able to get quite a lot out of your specimen plant. If you live in a colder climate, it is important that you know how much water your specimen plant gets per day. It is also helpful if you are able to follow the season when the plant blooms. Follow the weather signs and be prepared for your plant to be blooming from early spring through early summer.
Flowering Stages Early spring through early summer is the best time for planting your alstroemeria in your garden. These plants flower from two to seven blossoms per leaf, making them very prolific. The two main flower stages are called the apical and the scapular. Apical plants produce the largest number of flowers and show more color at the top of the plant. These flower stalks are short and tapering while the titular produces small blooms and leaves.
Growth Habits Some of these perennials can grow up to three feet high and reach thirty-five inches in diameter. Most reach four feet tall with a width of about one foot. The plants have an upright growth and have four small pointed leaves with an outer margin that becomes white with age. There are other features that help the plant grow into a beautiful specimen that will bring color to your landscaping.
Maintenance Alstroemeria plants grow slowly due to their slow growth rate and poor watering requirements. If they are given annual feedings they may bloom for only two weeks each year due to poor drainage. In order to keep the plants healthy, cut flowers from the stems once a year to allow for proper growth. This also allows the stems to become strong and disease resistant.
Alstroemeria grows in full sun, shade and on fertile soils. Some varieties such as the Shasta White Male will bloom in full sun but you will have to provide artificial light or raise the plant to get good sunlight. There are other alstroemeria species that will do equally well in shaded areas as well as those that will do well in sunny areas. A good rule of thumb is to try and plant your flowers about four to six inches deep so they have plenty of room to grow tall and wide.